The Ethics of Policy
A police agency, also known as constabulary, refers to an established group of people authorized by a nation to carry out several activities (Reisig et al. 2014). Reisig et al. (2014) claim that this includes to implement directives, safeguard possessions and control civil disorder. Additionally, these sanctioned authorities in question also encompass the permissible usage of compulsion. Besides, the phrase under discussion is most frequently linked to police amenities of an autonomous country, certified to apply the police supremacy of that republic.
In the U.S., the police agency is divided into five main categories with the first being the national system. It encompasses the units of homeland security and justice, some of them including the Secret Service, DEA, Postal Inspection Service and the FBI. The second category contains the constabulary groups and felonious enquiry departments. This is followed by the sheriffs’ sectors in various districts in addition to some regional law enforcement agencies. Ultimately, the fourth one fifth contains police forces of around 20,000 townships and divisions (Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc, 2017).
As such, this paper focuses on the police agency, as the main criminal justice organization to bring out a comprehensive analysis of contemporary ethical dilemmas within the sector, as well as the causes of their existence. This also includes various suggestions towards addressing the moral challenges. Further, the article also uses capital punishment as the key policy issue, to provide an in-depth assessment in accordance with the different virtuous contexts within that field. Moreover, the essay also illustrates the ethical dilemmas presented by the policy in addition to its merits, as it relates to all the impacted stakeholders. Lastly, it explains the social influences on this topic, as well as some recommendations to minimize the ethical challenges.
Ethical Dilemmas and Reasons for Them in the Police Agency
Roufa (2017) argues that in point of fact, it is repeatedly supposed that policing is the only occupation that commands an advanced moral yard stick, in comparison to the others. This, is irrespective of whether or not there exist other vocations requiring an analogous commitment to adhering to the set rules. For this reason, it is irrefutable that there is a reasonable remarkable level of expectations put on enforcers of the law. In other words, this means that the society tends to scrutinize police constables more than most other employees from other lines of work. For this reason, officers are left with no choice apart from living beyond criticism in both their personal and public lives.
However, the police agency is not immune to various ethical challenges during the course of their line of duty. Some of these Catch-22s range from associates and drugs and agreeing to take presents and tokens. These are expressed through various settings:
Friends and Drugs
This scenario comprises of one where an off-duty officer finds people using drugs at a friend’s house party. However, the friend is not aware of the drugs and is not amongst those taking them. In this case, the ethical quandary is whether the law enforcer would want to get his friend in a difficult place, since though does not know of the usage, he is still accountable due to the proprietorship of the house (Hall, 2013).
Hence, there is an alternative to assume the crime and vacate the premises or stand by the law and grab the proof and put the users into custody. The latter is permissible since FindLaw (2012) postulates that officers do not need any permit to seize substantiation like drugs that are in obvious sight. However, this requires them to be in places they are sanctioned to be.
This scenario involves a public officer who is presented with a gift voucher and shopping spree during his visit to a stall, as a sign of gratitude from the owner. In this case, there is an ethical predicament, even though it might not appear like it. This is because the moral option for such an officer is whether to receive donations while still on duty. However enticing the offer is, the officer is left to deliberate whether he is ready to go into the crafty incline of police reception of perquisites (Hall, 2013).
This is because, as stated by Delattre (2011), the token could be accompanied by unknown anticipations from the giver. This could range from requiring the constable to let them walk in instances of petty misdemeanors such as parking desecrations around their companies to favor when apprehended while doing committing erroneous acts like chauffeuring while drunk.