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1-Moral obligations and legal obligations should be treated as separate concepts (Wodak, 2018). Moreover, the term “obligation” is often ambiguously used within legal contexts which can make it challenging to enforce (Wodak, 2018). Philosophers and law makers have traditionally argued about the plausibility of the word as well. Individuals may be challenged with the dilemma of choosing morality over legality. Most of the time, morals and the law align together (Wodak, 2018). That being said, there are circumstances in which people may be tasked with sacrificing one for the other.

These two ideologies may differ in the regard that morality is extremely subjective, while legal obligations are binding. There is developed legislation intended to enforce the following of laws. The situation determines whether it is more challenging to adhere to one’s moral or the law. I believe that morality is easier to follow, because one’s conscience is not disturbed by an act of morality. At the same time, following the law can be tough if it is the antithesis to one’s moral code.

Reference:

Wodak, D. (2018). What Does “Legal Obligation” Mean? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly4, 790. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1111/papq.12…

2- Legal obligations pertain to professional duties as they relate to law whereas ethical obligations simply reiterate what we consider as right and wrong. There are many differences between both of these obligations one being that moral obligations are the responsibility of each individual and although failing to abide by them may be considered wrong, there is no legal recourse for doing so. According to Achinewhu-Nworgu (2015) when conducting educational research, researchers are required to pay attention to legislation pertaining to data protection, in particular the way it is collected, used, stored, and shared. Above and beyond this, they also have an ethical obligation to protect the interests of research participants (Achinewhu-Nworhu, Nworgu, Azaiki, & Dikeh, 2015). Moral obligations are much more difficult to comply with as unlink legal obligations, they are not clearly stated, written, or passed into legislation.

Reference

Achinewhu-Nworgu, E., Nworgu, Q. C., Azaiki, S., & Dikeh, C. N. (2015). Doctoral Students’ Understanding of Legal and Ethical Obligations in Conducting Education Research. Bulgarian Comparative Education Society.

3- The media did not do President Clinton justice, because these outlets often reported misconduct without gathering all of the facts (Kiousis, 2003). In addition, the presence of reporting from secondary sources might have painted a much worse narrative than the story actually told (Kiousis, 2003). That being said, Clinton did commit an affair while in the office of the Presidency which is absurdly belligerent (Kiousis, 2003). He had a responsibility as the leader of the United States to maintain a strong moral code, and he did not do that (Kiousis, 2003). Bill also obstructed justice and led law enforcement astray during the investigation (Kiousis, 2003). On top of that, the former president allegedly tampered with evidence to hide his affair with Lewinsky (Kiousis, 2003). All in all, American Presidents need to act ethically, because if they do not, it is a poor reflection on the entire United States.

Reference:

Kiousis, Spiro (2003) Job Approval and Favorability: The Impact of Media Attention to the Monica Lewinsky Scandal on Public Opinion of President Bill Clinton, Mass Communication and Society, 6:4, 435-451, DOI:10.1207/S15327825MCS0604_6

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