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motion graphics as a design discipline.

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Process involving the substitution of one material for another

Developed in ancient China, Greece, parts of Africa

Used extensively in the West from Renaissance times

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (5 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Steps

Mold taken from original work

Completely surrounds the original

Original sculpture removed from the mold

May require disassembly

Casting liquid poured into mold cavity

Mold removed when liquid hardens

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The Lost-Wax Casting Process. [Fig. 12-8]

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Methods and Materials (6 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Lost-wax process

Mold only used once and destroyed to remove the hardened cast

Solid or hollow

Many items other than art are cast.

Engine parts, dishes, children’s toys

Charles Ray, Father Figure

Based on green plastic toy tractor

Enlarged to life-size

Cast in solid steel, weighs more than 18 tons

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Charles Ray. Father Figure. 2007. Painted steel. 93-3⁄4” × 137” × 71-3⁄4”. © Charles Ray. Courtesy of Matthew Marks Gallery, New York. [Fig. 12-9]

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Methods and Materials (7 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Duane Hanson

Cast actual people

Silicone rubber applied to skin

Cut cast away

Painted skin tones, added human hair and clothing

Man with Camera

Jolt of realism

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Duane Hanson. Man with Camera. 1991. Auto body filler polychromed in oil, mixed media, accessories. Life size. Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York. Photo by Tom Powel Imaging, Inc. © Estate of Duane Hanson/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. [Fig. 12-10]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (8 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Rachel Whiteread, Untitled (Hive I)

Beekeeper’s hive filled with brown-orange resin

Gives absence a new kind of haunting presence

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Rachel Whiteread. Untitled (Hive) I. 2007–8. Resin (two parts). 32-1⁄8” × 20-15⁄16” × 25-3⁄16”. © Rachel Whiteread. Courtesy of the Gagosian Gallery. [Fig. 12-11]

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Methods and Materials (9 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Carving

Subtractive process of taking away unwanted material

Michelangelo, Awakening Slave

Unfinished piece revealing process

Most challenging method

No error correction possible

Marble preferred material in the West

Can be polished for smooth surface

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Michelangelo Buonarroti. Awakening Slave. 1530–34. Marble. Height 9’. Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence. akg-image/Rabatti-Domingie. [Fig. 12-12]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (10 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Carving

Other materials

Granite

Less vulnerable to modern pollution

Sandstone and limestone

Schist favored by Egyptians

Jade favored by Chinese

Suitable for small, elaborate pieces

Raised bosses on surface of disk (bi)

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Disk (bi). China, Western Han dynasty, c.100–220 CE. Jade (nephrite). Diameter 7”. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington. D.C. Gift of Charles Lang Freer, F1916.155. [Fig. 12-13]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (11 of 15)

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