# Intake air velocity = 200 ms-1; Exhaust air/fuel velocity = 400 ms-1 [The atmospheric pressure is 101 kPa while the local temperature = 30 0C. For air you may take R, the specific gas constant for air as 287 Jkg-1K-1] (a) Duplicate Figure Q2 in your answer book and add the following: (i) The control volume (CV) which will frame your calculations; (ii) the axes that will define the direction for the momentum force calculation; (iii) all horizontal external forces acting on the control volume; (iv) the mass flow rates into and leaving the CV.

EAS109e Copyright © 2016 SIM University Page 2 of 5 Examination – July Semester 2016
Answer all questions. (Total 100 marks) Question 1 The siphon ASB of constant diameter shown in Figure Q1 delivers water from a tank to a free discharge, B 1.5 m below the water level at A. The height, S is 0.5 m above the water level A. (Take atmospheric pressure as 1.01 bar and density of water as 1000 kgm-3.)
Figure Q1
(a) Apply an appropriate method to find the velocity, at S, in ms-1 to 2 decimal places,
when the siphon starts operation. (15 marks)
(b) Neglecting losses, evaluate the absolute pressure at S, in kPa. State all
assumptions. (5 marks)
(c) There is a hole in the pipe at T. Conduct an investigation and explain whether air
will enter or water will leak out of the pipe. (5 marks)
EAS109e Copyright © 2016 SIM University Page 3 of 5 Examination – July Semester 2016
Question 2 Figure Q2 shows a jet engine fixed onto a static thrust test bench.
Figure Q2
The details of the test set-up are listed as follows:
Inlet air pressure = -22 kPa (gauge) Exhaust air/fuel pressure and ambient pressure = 101 kPa (atmospheric
pressure) Engine intake area, A1 = 1 m2; Engine exhaust area to be calculated in
Q2(b) Intake air velocity = 200 ms-1; Exhaust air/fuel velocity = 400 ms-1 [The atmospheric pressure is 101 kPa while the local temperature = 30 0C. For air you may take R, the specific gas constant for air as 287 Jkg-1K-1]
(i) The control volume (CV) which will frame your calculations; (ii) the axes that will define the direction for the momentum force calculation; (iii) all horizontal external forces acting on the control volume; (iv) the mass flow rates into and leaving the CV.

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