In November 1637, Hutchinson was brought to trial after being charged with civic crimes. In the 1630s, the Massachusetts Bay Colony had little tolerance for open debates for religion and Hutchinson’s case triggered bitter reactions among the civic leaders and religious leaders (Mingiuc, 2010). It was clear that her version of religion was a threat not only to the Puritan clergy but also to the civil authorities in Massachusetts as Anne’s theory portrayed that individuals’ beliefs and conduct were exclusively between an individual and the Supreme Being. Puritans did not tolerate a woman interpreting the Bible in her own and share with others. Hutchinson’s questioning involved several references to the Bible on the position of a woman. When questioned on her right to lead others in the society, she quoted from the Book of Titus that an elder woman has a role in instructing the younger ones in the society. Despite the responses based on the Bible, she was found guilty and banished from the Bay Colony. Hutchinson later joined other dissenters to establish Portsmouth in Rhode Island. After her husband’s death, she moved to Long Island then to Pelham Bay where she was murdered with some of her family members (Mingiuc, 2010).
Importance of Hutchinson in U.S History
The influence of Hutchinson’s religious battles is multifaceted to cover a span of a hundred years in a series of events that occurred in the American colonies. The persecution of Anne Hutchinson was done overzealously as a result of the alleged threats to harmony and the stability of the colonial Puritan community. Nine years of Hutchinson’s life in the colonies and the faith of Puritans forms the foundations of the paper on the critical role she played in the U.S history. Three aspects of historical perspectives assert on the importance of brave women in the society. Social order, traditional gender roles, and establishment of the ministerial role were transformed in Hutchinson’s era and had ever since had an impact on the society (Mingiuc, 2010).
England’s religious history in the seventeenth century was characterized by chaos, and the Puritan religion was in need for societal accordance. The aftermath of political instability and civil wars eluded social stability, and New England was to modeling in a long time for a covenant with God expecting no opposition to the religious reforms. Ann Hutchinson’s actions and beliefs paralleled that of religious and political leaders. The minority was not to question any rule and as it would be viewed immoral. According to Winthrop, the idea of political and economic inequalities within the members of the society was a divine plan (Ditmore, 2000). According to him, the rich and poor, mean and greed, and the allocation of power was necessary for all groups to be occupied in the society. The social imbalance was allowed in the pre-Hutchinson’s era was necessary for sacrificing individual needs to the interests of the community as a cohesive unit (Mingiuc, 2010).
The revelations by Hutchinson on some of the sinful practices by church leaders as against the covenant of grace made her imputed and regarded as an outcast. Assertiveness in the society was necessary for the society, and Hutchinson acted bravely to bring freedom to the despised. Mr. Hutchinson, a business man, was precious for Boston local authorities and was appointed as the deputy of General Court. It is from that position that Anne would see the gap between the rich and the poor and how social domains depended on the decisions of those in authority. Social freedom among the Massachusetts State, especially at that time they were under English colonialism, was essential (Mingiuc, 2010).
Traditional gender role
The issue of gender in Puritanical Boston was complex as it involved social, religious and political ramifications. Patriarchy principles outlined the traditional roles to be performed by men and women. The role of men and women at this time clearly depicted superiority of men over men. The family unit was sanctified and held by virtue of love thus a strong tenet of Puritan society (LPlante, 2010). The clergy, members of local and national authority, constituted men only, and it was considered taboo by the society to involve a woman in leadership. A woman’s role was motherhood, homemaking, wife, and moral guide. Female subordination on patriarch was based on scriptures thus relating inferiority nature of women. Puritan theology, however, empowered women to boost the in-dwelling spirit foreseen and promote saintly status safeguarded by women. The social sphere was rigid, and the new teachings of Anne Hutchinson was a threat to the traditional beliefs and culture with regards to the position of women in the society (Ditmore, 2000).
Anne Hutchinson emphasis on the welfare of every member of the society was part of the convention of grace. After the death of Hutchinson, the rising of women in defending women welfare had a stronger of the point of reference. Annie Bradstreet, a colonial American poet, insights the psyche and emotion of Puritan mother and wife as perseverant, caring and source of joy to the society. Empowerment and enervation were possible through focusing on the flaws of Puritan theology on women (Piar, 2010).