The American history has been influenced by key persons and events through which social, political and cultural reforms have been achieved. This paper focuses on Anne Hutchinson, an important historical figure referred to many as a religious liberator. The events that led to Hutchinson be on the front of condemnation of some religious beliefs will be analyzed in the paper as well as the people affected by her move. The importance of her actions from the modern eye-view will also be discussed to and how people in history viewed her. The paper, therefore, stands at the positive impact created by Anne Hutchinson as a liberator of women and the minority in the society in United States of America.
Anne Marbury, the daughter of Francis Marbury, was born in Lincolnshire, England in 1591. Anne grew up to be an outspoken woman due to her intelligence and caring nature. At age 21, Anne married William Hutchinson and became followers of a Puritan preacher, John Cotton. Cotton was banned from performing clergy duties after criticizing the Church of England and moved to Boston. Anne and his family moved along with Cotton in search of religious freedom. The Hutchinson’s, as a continuation of their spiritual practices, conducted weekly prayer groups for women in the new home of Massachusetts Bay with Anne as the leader. The intricate theological matters in the State contributed to the high attendance, and Henry Vane, a young governor, and other colony leading citizens became part of the group (Piar, 2010).
Covenant of Works versus Grace
After establishing her skill as the prayer group leader, Hutchinson revealed her concerns on religious matters at the time. This proved her as a non-conformist as her father, Francis Marbury who had been jailed more than once for similar motives. Puritan religious beliefs emphasized on the covenant of good works as the gateway to divinity. On the other hand, Hutchinson challenged the beliefs and revealed her support of the efficacy of faith alone, the covenant of grace. According to the woman, God revealed to people directly and not necessarily by the aid of the clergy depicting the role of a personal relationship with God opposing the clergies’ intervention. The Puritans’ beliefs were thus contradicted since the ministers of Massachusetts focused more on external actions of believers rather than internal relationships.
Key opponents of Hutchinson’s religious beliefs
In the lead of opposing party was John Cotton her pastor and John Winthrop, a political leader. According to John Winthrop, Hutchinson’s views were leery and attempted to corrupt women in the society by pondering deep theological matters. The assertion made was that women had a minor role in religious matters and critical decisions and theological thoughts must be left in the hands of men of the clergy. According to John Cotton’s opinion, Hutchinson and her followers were guilty of antinomian heresy. In an explanation by the ministers, good deeds were evidence of salvation and not the path of salvation.