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Fine Arts In The Modern World:

CHAPT ER 2

R O D D Y , A N T H O N Y I S A A C 3 7 2 7 B U

KEY TERMS DEFINED IN THE GLOSSARY

bias crimes, 40

Brady Bill, 42

children’s rights groups, 41

civil court, 37

civil liberties movement, 41

civil rights movement, 39

claims-making, 47

conflict approach, 46

constructionist approach, 46

elder abuse, 41

English common law, 37

false memory syndrome, 49

gay rightsmovement, 41

law-and-order movement, 39

Megan’s Law, 42

moral entrepreneurs, 46

plea negotiation, 38

public prosecutors, 37

self-definition of the victimization process, 46

self-help movement, 41

sensationalism, 43

social construction, 47

stigma contests, 46

street crimes, 37

tort law, 37

trafficking in human beings, 50

typification, 47

women’s movement, 39

QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATE

1. Describe what happens at each stage of the rediscovery process.

2. Argue that the rediscovery of victims by the news media, elected officials, and commercial

enterprises is a “mixed blessing” by stressing the downside: the potential for exploitation.

CRITICAL THINKING QUESTIONS

1. Identify a group of victims of illegal activities who still has not been rediscovered and was not mentioned in this chapter. Describe the kinds of harm this group might be experiencing.

2. Argue that victimology would be enriched by expanding its boundaries to include studies about people around the world who suffer because of war crimes, government repression of political dissidents, and torture by the authorities.

SUGGESTED RESEARCH PROJECTS

1. Find out proposed or recently passed laws in your state that have been named in honor of crime victims. In each case, ask whether this legislation offers anything specific—other than stepped-up punishment of the offender—to ease the victim’s plight.

2. Choose a group from the list in Box 2.2 whose plight is currently being rediscovered. Pose questions that researchers ought to examine. Find out what you can about this group, its composition, the nature of its losses, and efforts underway to ease its suffering.

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