The exam will be focused on a short story you will read in preparation for the exam question. A link is available below with a copy of the short story.First and foremost, the midterm is an essay exam, which means you must have an Introduction with Theme, Body Paragraphs with clear and focused Topic Sentences, and a ConclusionYour midterm essay is focused on the story alone, meaning you are writing it in light of the Intentional and Affective fallacies; you want to avoid committing either fallacies in your essay, so you want to avoid using phrases like “the author meant to say” and “the author intended to”, and also to avoid phrases like “I feel the story is saying” because ‘feel’ describes an affective response.When you wrote on Carver’s stories, emphasis was placed on establishing a clear Theme, whether for one of the stories or for the book as a whole; keep in mind that a Theme focuses on two things: 1) a topic and 2) what the story is saying about that topic.
A man stood upon a railroad bridge in northern Alabama, looking down into the swift water twenty feet below. The man’s hands were behind his back, the wrists bound with a cord. A rope closely encircled his neck. It was attached to a stout cross-timber above his head and the slack fell to the level of his knees. Some loose boards laid upon the sleepers sup- porting the metals of the railway supplied a footing for him and his executioners—two private soldiers of the Federal army, directed by a sergeant who in civil life may have been a deputy sheriff. At a short remove upon the same temporary platform was an officer in the uniform of his rank, armed. He was a cap- tain. A sentinel at each end of the bridge stood with his rifle in the position known as “support,” that is to say, vertical in front of the left shoulder, the hammer resting on the forearm thrown straight across the chest—a formal and unnatural position, en- forcing an erect carriage of the body. It did not appear to be the duty of these two men to know what was occurring at the center of the bridge; they merely blockaded the two ends of the foot planking that traversed it.
Beyond one of the sentinels nobody was in sight; the railroad ran straight away into a forest for a hundred yards, then, curv- ing, was lost to view. Doubtless there was an outpost farther along. The other bank of the stream was open ground—a gentle acclivity topped with a stockade of vertical tree trunks, loop- holed for rifles, with a single embrasure through which pro- truded the muzzle of a brass cannon commanding the bridge. Midway of the slope between the bridge and fort were the spectators—a single company of infantry in line, at “parade rest,” the butts of their rifles on the ground, the barrels inclin- ing slightly backward against the right shoulder, the hands crossed upon the stock. A lieutenant stood at the right of the line, the point of his sword upon the ground, his left hand resting upon his right. Excepting the group of four at the center of the bridge, not a man moved. The company faced
Your analysis of the story should be focused on the various literary elements: Plot, Setting, Point of View, Character, and Imagery. 3 pages