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CMN-504: Introduction to Argumentation Exercise 8 Categories of Interpretation: Being Arguments & Fallacies Identify the specific argument fallacy related to Being in each of the following examples:

1. The proposed loop road is designed to increase safety, ease traffic and parking problems, open up underutilized university land, while creating a “walking” campus. However, the planning committee of the faculty senate was not informed in a timely manner. Therefore, the plan to build the road should be abandoned.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

2. The University should not cut the baseball program. Baseball has been played at the University for nearly one hundred years. That is a legacy we cannot afford to abandon.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generalization

B. Ad Populum D. Emotive Language F. Equivocation

3. The government did not violate freedom of the press concerning the attempted military takeover. Indeed, the government told the press they were perfectly free to either publish the government pronouncement or not. Some newspapers were closed by the government only because they decided to violate the terms of the free choice offered by the government.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generalization

B. Ad Populum D. Emotive Language F. Equivocation

4. The students overwhelmingly approve of allowing beer and wine sales in the MUB. This is evidence enough that the University should switch its policy.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Circular Argument D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

5. The students overwhelmingly approve of allowing beer and wine sales in the MUB. This is evidence enough that the Durham Hannaford policy of suing fake I.D. holders will be declared unconstitutional.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generalization

B. Ad Populum D. Emotive Language F. Equivocation

6. Why have U.N. inspectors not been allowed to view certain North Korean sites? Unquestionably it is because North Korea fears discovery, not of nuclear weapons technology, but of its secret underground bunker where crashed alien ships and corpses of dead aliens are being hidden. That is why the U.S. will not push too hard. They have an interest in keeping places like “Area 51” a secret!

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

7. The University cannot evict the woman from her dormitory room for failing to enroll in classes or pay tuition. The proper university rules and procedures governing student evictions were not followed. Therefore, she must be allowed to remain in the dorm.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

8. None of the administrators entering the T-hall lot on Friday morning felt there was a serious parking problem on campus. This shows that in general the campus is not concerned with parking.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Circular Argument D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

9. The Army National Guard was put on alert, the secluded forest area was completely closed off, coded radio traffic has more than tripled, and there is an “official” story of a “nerve gas leak” to explain the evacuations. This event has all the characteristics of an alien crash landing.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

10. The American Revolution was an immoral and illegal political act. As colonies of Great Britain, the American states had no authority to declare themselves independent. Such an act violates the fundamental allegiance colonies owe to their sovereign.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Circular Argument D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

11. Although there is much valuable programming on WUNH, the station broadcasts a 5:00 PM news program featuring a reporter who can barely read. Because of that, I won’t contribute to their 2020 fund-raising marathon.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

12. The vast majority of the citizens of New Hampshire oppose a broad-based tax to fund public education. The legislature should therefore ignore the order of the Supreme Court and continue to fund education with local taxes only.

A Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

13. You said you wanted to travel over break! Well, travel we did, all the way to Somersworth for an afternoon at Wal-Mart. I always try to accommodate your desires.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generalization

B. Ad Populum D. Emotive Language F. Equivocation

14. There should not be any female priests. The church has always forbidden the ordination of women and as a result there have never been female priests at any time in church history.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generalization

B. Ad Populum D. Emotive Language F. Equivocation

15. Nearly every resident agrees that the library should not keep that book in its collection. Therefore, the book should be banned.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generalization

B. Ad Populum D. Emotive Language F. Equivocation

16. None of the animals tested contained the illegal growth hormone. So, the government testing program, it seems, has once again overspent its budget.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generalization

B. Ad Populum D. Emotive Language F. Equivocation

17. Belfast companies won’t hire Catholics because they know Catholics are lazy. As proof of their laziness, just look at the unemployment rate among Catholics, which is much higher than among Protestants.

A. Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Circular Argument D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

18. Why has the Irish Republican Army suddenly decided to allow international and independent inspectors to view its arms depots and report on the decommissioning of weapons? I think there is only one explanation that makes sense. They are willing to abandon conventional weapons because they have obtained a nuclear device, and plan to use it against Britain at some pivotal moment in the Northern Ireland struggle.

A. Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

19. The chapter president should not have prohibited Mr. Sullivan from voting just because he hadn’t paid dues in two years. The society’s constitution says all members are entitled to a hearing before losing their voting privileges, and in this case, there was no hearing. So, Mr. Sullivan should be allowed to vote.

A. Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

20. None of the students at the fraternity keg party on Friday night felt that there was too much drinking at UNH. Therefore, it seems clear that UNH does not have a drinking problem.

A. Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

21. Democrats want an open border, and no immigration control at all. They care more about foreigners than they do our own American citizens. Therefore, I’ll be voting Republican in the mid-term election.

A. Hasty Generalization C. Far-fetched Hypothesis E. Straw Argument

B. Begging the Question D. Equivocation F. Ad Populum Fallacy

22. I can’t believe the University has decided to require seniors to wear blue caps and gowns at commencement this year. Since 1893 when the University held its first commencement in Durham, graduates have donned the traditional black academic regalia. Call me conservative, but I’m for keeping things the way they’ve always been.

A. Appeal to Tradition C. Non Sequitur E. Hasty Generaliz

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