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12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

12.3 Define and describe kinetic sculpture.

12.4 Explain the parameters and components of mixed media sculpture.

12.5 Discuss artists’ use of installation and site-specific art to transform their surroundings.

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Introduction

Martin Puryear, C.F.A.O.

Unpainted stack of wood on one side

Large, curving shape based on an elongated African mask on the other

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Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (1 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Sculpture is a work in three dimensions.

Height, breadth, depth

Experience existing in space

Two main types: freestanding and relief

Freestanding or in-the-round

Sculpture meant to be seen from all sides

Relief

Sculpture projects from a background surface

Low-relief (bas relief)

Slight projection

The Apollo coin

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

4

Martin Puryear. C.F.A.O. 2006–7. Painted and unpainted pine and found wheelbarrow. 8’5” × 6’5-1/2” × 61”. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photograph: Richard Goodbody. © Martin Puryear. Courtesy of the Matthew Marks Gallery. [Fig. 12-1]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (2 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Freestanding or in-the-round

Sculpture meant to be seen from all sides

Relief

Sculpture projects from a background surface

Low-relief (bas relief)

Slight projection

The Apollo coin

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

6

Silver Coin with Apollo. c.400 BCE.

British Museum 1896,0601.18. © The Trustees of the British Museum. [Fig. 12-2]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (3 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Relief

Low-relief (bas relief)

Temple complex of Angkor Wat, the center of Khmer empire in 12th century

Army on the March

Delicate low-relief carving

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8

Army on the March. Relief from Angkor Wat, Cambodia. 1100–50. Sandstone. Photographer: Eliot Elisofan. Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images. [Fig. 12-3]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (4 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Relief

High-relief

More than half of the natural circumference projects from surface

Corporate Wars: Wall of Influence

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10

Robert Longo. Corporate Wars: Wall of Influence. 1982. Middle portion. Cast aluminum. 7’ × 9’. Courtesy of the artist and Metro Pictures. [Fig. 12-4]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (1 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Modeling

An additive process of building up material such as clay, wax, or plaster

Ballplayer with Three-Part Yoke and Bird Headdress

Naturalistic clay sculpture

Fingerprint impressions visible

Armature

A rigid inner support under soft materials

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Ballplayer with Three-Part Yoke and Bird Headdress. Maya Classic period, 600–800 CE. Ceramic with traces of blue pigment. 13-15/32” × 7”. Princeton University Art Museum. Museum purchase, Fowler McCormick, Class of 1921 Fund, in honor of Gillett G. Griffin on his 70th birthday. 1998–36. Photo by Bruce M. White. © 2018. Princeton University Art Museum/Art Resource NY/Scala, Florence. [Fig. 12-5]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (2 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Modeling

Auguste Rodin, Naked Balzac

Small armature

Gradually added plaster

When plaster dried, he removed the armature

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Auguste Rodin. Naked Balzac. 1892–93.

Plaster painted with varnish. Height 29-3/4”. Rodin Museum, Philadelphia. 1971-142-1. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania, PA, USA/Bridgeman Images. [Fig. 12-6]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (3 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Modeling

Ken Price, Vink

Non-representational

Clay layered in acrylic paint

Mysterious, iridescent quality

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Ken Price. Vink. 2009. Acrylic on fired ceramic. 9” × 20” × 11”. © Ken Price. Courtesy of L.A. Louver, Venice, CA. [Fig. 12-7]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (4 of 15)

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