650 word summary on an article
discussed in class that Americans value individualism, yet they tend to be very conforming. Americanshabitually engage in what is called ‘groupthink,’which is defined below. Groupthink does contribute to stability and orderin a society, but often at great personal, social, environmentaland moralcost.Sometimes groupthink can be socially restrictive. Sometimes, groupthink can be positively transformative. YOUR ASSIGNMENT:(1) Readand summarize‘The Lottery,’ by Shirley Jackson, the text of which is below(2) Define good citizenship. WRITE THIS IN YOUR OWN WORDS –DO NOT GIVE ME A DICTIONARY DEFINITION. THINK FOR YOURSELF.Include these things in your definition: What do you believe is required of ‘good’ citizens? What are the duties inherent in good citizenship? By your own definition, do you personally engage in good citizenship? (3) Define groupthink as you understand its meaning. (4) Describe the main event thattakes place in ‘The Lottery,’and how it qualifies as groupthink. Then compare the actions of the townspeopleto your definition of good citizenship. Are the peopleof this village‘good’ citizensor not, and why? No right or wrong answer –but you need to support and defend your answer here. Groupthinkdefinitions:https://www.communicationtheory.org/groupthink/https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-groupthink-2795213• (Sociology text) the tendency for group members to reach a consensus at all costs• The practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a way that discouragescreativity or individual responsibility.• Apattern of thought characterized by self-deception, forced manufacture of consent,and conformity to groupvalues and ethics• A phenomenon developed in groups and marked by the consensus of opinion without critical reasoning or evaluation of consequences or alternatives. Groupthink evolves around a common desire to not upset the balance of a group of people by creating conflict ––with creativity and individuality considered potentially harmful traits that should be avoided.
“The Lottery”By Shirley JacksonThe morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day; the flowers were blossoming profusely,and the grass was richly green. The people of the village began to gather in the square, between the post office and the bank, around ten o’clock; in some towns there were so many people that the lottery took two days and had to be started on June 2th. but in this village, where there were only about three hundred people, the whole lottery took less than two hours, so it could begin at ten o’clock in the morning and still be through in time to allow the villagers to get home for noon dinner.The children assembled first, of course. School was recently over for the summer, and the feeling of liberty sat uneasily on most of them; they tended to gather together quietly for a while before they broke into boisterous play and their talk was still ofthe classroom and the teacher, of books and reprimands. Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothest and roundest stones; Bobby and Harry Jones and Dickie Delacroix–the villagers pronounced this name “Dellacroy”–eventually made a great pile of stones in one corner of the square and guarded it against the raids of the other boys. The girls stood aside, talking among themselves, looking over their shoulders at rolled in the dust or clung to the hands of their older brothers or sisters.Soon the men began to gather, surveying their own children, speaking of planting and rain, tractors and taxes. They stood together, away from the pile of stones in the corner, and their jokes were quiet and they smiled rather than laughed. The women, wearing faded house dresses and sweaters, came shortly after their menfolk. They greeted one another and exchanged bits of gossip as they went to join their husbands. Soon the women, standing by their husbands, began to call to their children, and the children came reluctantly, having to be called four or five times. Bobby Martin ducked under his mother’s grasping hand and ran, laughing, back to the pile of stones. His father spoke up sharply, and Bobby came quickly and took his place between his father and his oldest brother. The lottery was conducted––as were the square dances, the teen club, the Halloween program––by Mr. Summers, who had time and energy to devote to civic activities. He was a round-faced, jovial man and he ran the coal business,and people were sorry for him because he had no children and his wife was a scold. When he arrived in the square, carrying the black wooden box, there was a murmur of conversationamong the villagers, and he waved and called. “Little late today, folks.” The postmaster, Mr. Graves, followed him, carrying a three-legged stool, and the stool was put in the center of the square and Mr. Summers set the black box down on it. The villagers kept their distance, leaving a space between themselves and the stool. And when Mr. Summers said, “Some of you fellows want to give me a hand?” there was a hesitation before two men, Mr. Martin and his oldest son, Baxter, came forward to hold the box steady on the stool while Mr. Summers stirred up the papers inside it. The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago, and the black box now resting on the stool had been put into use even before Old Man Warner, the oldest