. American Psychiatric Association

Opioid use during pregnancy is associated with suboptimal pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about child neurodevelopmental outcomes. We examined associations between maternal opioid prescriptions preconception to delivery (peri-pregnancy) and child’s risk of ASD, developmental delay/disorder (DD) with no ASD features, or ASD/DD with autism features in the Study to Explore Early Development, a case-control study of neurodevelopment. Preconception opioid prescription was associated with 2.43 times the odds of ASD [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.99, 6.02] and 2.64 times the odds of ASD/DD with autism features (95% CI 1.10, 6.31) compared to mothers without prescriptions. Odds for ASD and ASD/DD were non-significantly elevated for first trimester prescriptions. Work exploring mechanisms and timing between peri-pregnancy opioid use and child neurodevelopment is needed.

find the cost of your paper

Strawberries

Social Values

Identify subject of poems b. Understand point of view c. Communicate an informal personal response to poems d. Identify poetic devices and its effects in poems No. of Items According….

intelligent decisions

Identify subject of poems b. Understand point of view c. Communicate an informal personal response to poems d. Identify poetic devices and its effects in poems No. of Items According….

essay on Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad

Identify subject of poems b. Understand point of view c. Communicate an informal personal response to poems d. Identify poetic devices and its effects in poems No. of Items According….