Why do you think people continue to adhere to myths about rape and battering? Are these forms of abuse just too terrible to face, so we manufacture false ideas about them? Knowing that these myths exist because somebody believes them, how can you expose and debunk them?
Myths of rape and battering continue to exist partly due to societal biasness and due to personal choice. It is not enough to say that all sexual assault cases are due to mythical drive. Some cultures may have backward beliefs about forced sex especially as a form of healing for certain diseases or natural occurrences such as barrenness. To debunk such beliefs, enough education must be carried out to help inform and educate those people who are much affected by such mythical beliefs. Punishments must be accorded severely to those found culpable of such acts in order to teach a lesson to those that plan on engaging in such acts.
- Think of a time you interviewed for a job you really wanted. It could be any kind of job—paper route, babysitter, part-time wait-person, and so on. Now imagine yourself in that interview, but as a member of the opposite sex. Would the person who interviewed you treat you any differently? If so, how so? Do you think your sex had anything to do with getting or not getting that job?
Depending on the level of professionalism and type of job, I believe the sex of a person plays a major role in determining if they are to get a job or not. I was once interviewed for a job as a promotion agent and out of the 15 people that were listed, 13 were female while only two male were selected for the job. The mode of dressing had to change on first day of reporting because we had to dress to impress the customers and sale the brand of the company. I believe I landed the job because the interviewer though me to be beautiful and potentially attracting to customers even against my personal view or consent.
- What is gender-based violence? Why does it occur?
Gender based violence is the expression of power inequalities between men and women. It is simply any form of violence directed towards a man or woman for their sexual orientation. It is a form of violence and discrimination against either sex. Factors leading to gender-based violence include individual level factors and most of which are biological and due to personal history. They include low level of education, young age, low economic status, social dilemma and exposure to violence. Relationship level factors tend to affect peers and family members or intimate partners. Example the act of men having multiple partners is an act of violence against their spouses. Community level factors include cultural and social norms that define gender roles and distribution of power between men and women.
4. What theories help explain why there is so much intimate partner violence directed against women especially? Consider those that have to do with (1) the social and cultural environment; (2) characteristics of the perpetrator; and (3) characteristics of the victim.
The major theories used by sociologists to understand intimate partner violence categorizes them based on the role of gender in intimate partner violence. Family violence theories include the systems theory, resource theory, subculture of violence theory, social control theory and the ecological theory. There are also feminist theory which sees intimate partner violence as the expression of gender based domination of women by men. (64 words)
- What are some of the problems associated with trying to define the following types of gender-based violence clearly? (a) Rape. (b) Sexual harassment. How would you define these terms?
These terms of gender-based violence are used interchangeably with violence against women since most violence against women is gender based inflicted by men. It can also be inflicted by women. Rape can be defined as sexual intercourse orally, vaginally or anally without consent. Sexual harassment includes verbal or visual assaults or unwelcome touching (Lindsey, Linda, 63). (56words)
- What is the sexual right-of-way and how is it related to gender-based violence?
Sexual right of way is the right to experience pleasure through dialogue or touch with whoever we please or want. It cannot be considered as a human right as there are some that do not practice it for reasons best known. There is also the right to live without sex. When exercised against a person’s will, it constitutes sexual violence or harassment commonly referred to as gender based violence. Sex must be exercised out of consent regardless of the type of connection between parties involved. (85 words)
- What stand(s) should feminists take on pornography?
The feminist anti-porn stance has influenced the perspective on pornography. Women’s experiences are regarded as variegated, complex and individual. Therefore, feminists conclude that discourses of pornography and feminism can be negotiated though in ways that are unpredictable (Brickell, Chris, 87). There are those that feel that pornography feminists like to unshackle their desires and celebrate their sexuality through filmed sex. (60 words)
- How is social welfare policy related to the sex/gender system and gender norms?
Gender norms are the way of acting out gender. Gender is socially constructed hence defined by culture. Social constructionist theory explains gender and how its meaning is constructed through social interactions. Gender is not fixed instead it varies across time and place. Normally what is expected of our gender is learnt from our parents, school, media and religious teachings. Gender experiences tend to evolve over a person’s life. Social welfare policies do not always help men and women equally as they affect men and women differently.