scene A segment in a narrative film that takes place in one time
and space or that uses crosscutting to show two or more simultaneous
screen direction The right-left relationships in a scene, set up in
an establishing shot and determined by the position of characters
and objects in the frame, by the directions of movement, and by
the characters’ eyelines. Continuity editing will attempt to keep
screen direction consistent between shots. See also axis of action,
eyeline match, 180° system.
segmentation The process of dividing a film into parts for analysis.
sensor A chip designed to capture visual information in digital
form. It is located behind the lens in a digital motion-picture camera.
sequence Term commonly used for a moderately large segment
of film, involving one complete stretch of action; in a narrative
film, often equivalent to a scene.
shallow focus A restricted depth of field, which keeps only one
plane in sharp focus; the opposite of deep focus.
shallow space Staging the action in relatively few planes of
depth; the opposite of deep space.
shot (1) In shooting, one uninterrupted run of the camera to
expose a series of frames; also called a take. (2) In the finished
film, one uninterrupted image, whether or not there is mobile
shot/reverse shot Two or more shots edited together that alternate
characters, typically in a conversation situation. In continuity
editing, characters in one framing usually look left; in the other
framing, right. Over-the-shoulder framings are common in shot/
reverse-shot editing.
side lighting (sidelight) Lighting coming from one side of a
person or an object, usually to create a sense of volume, to bring
out surface tensions, or to fill in areas left shadowed by light from
another source.
simultaneous sound Diegetic sound that is represented as occurring
at the same time in the story as the image it accompanies.
size diminution A cue for suggesting represented depth in the
image by showing objects that are farther away as smaller than
foreground objects.
soft lighting Illumination that avoids harsh bright and dark
areas, creating a gradual transition from highlights to shadows.
sound bridge (1) At the beginning of one scene, the sound from
the previous scene carries over briefly before the sound from the
new scene begins. (2) At the end of one scene, the sound from the
next scene is heard, leading into that scene.
sound over Any sound that is not represented as coming from
the space and time of the images on the screen. This includes both
nondiegetic sounds and nonsimultaneous diegetic sound. See also
nondiegetic sound, nonsimultaneous sound.


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