1. Archaeologists promote the idea of the Ice Bridge to explain the settlement of North America. Native Americans have their own creation stories that do not follow the Ice Bridge theory. The authors of your book also lean towards the Ice Bridge theory. What does that tell you about the way the history of America will be told in your textbook? Explain.
  2. Did Christopher Columbus “discover” America? Why is he credited for that? Should he be? Why or why not?
  3. Guns, germs, and steel are often credited (or blamed) for the devastation done to Native American societies after European contact. Which made the greatest impact: guns, germs or steel? Explain.


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