Your employer, a mid-sized human resources management company, is considering expansion into related fields, including the acquisition of Temp Force Company, an employment agency that supplies word processor operators and computer programmers to businesses with temporary heavy workloads. Your employer is also considering the purchase of Bigger- staff & McDonald (B&M), a privately held company owned by two friends, each with 5 million shares of stock. B&M currently has free cash flow of \$24 million, which is expected to grow at a constant rate of 5%. B&M’s financial statements report short-term investments of \$100 million, debt of \$200 million, and preferred stock of \$50 million. B&M’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is 11%.

1. Describe briefly the legal rights and privileges of common stockholders.
2. What is free cash flow (FCF)? What is the weighted average cost of capital? What is the free cash flow valuation model?
3. Use a pie chart to illustrate the sources that comprise a hypothetical company’s total value. Using another pie chart, show the claims on a company’s value. How is equity a residual claim?
4. Suppose the free cash flow at Time 1 is expected to grow at a constant rate of gL forever. If gL WACC, what is a formula for the present value of expected free cash flows when discounted at the WACC? If the most recent free cash flow is expected to grow at a constant rate of gL forever (and gL WACC), what is a formula for the present value of expected free cash flows when discounted at the WACC?
5. Use B&M’s data and the free cash flow valuation model to answer the following questions. (1) What is its estimated value of operations? (2) What is its estimated total corporate value? (This is the entity value.) (3) What is its estimated intrinsic value of equity? (4) What is its estimated intrinsic stock price per share?
6. You have just learned that B&M has undertaken a major expansion that will change its expected free cash flows to −\$10 million in 1 year, \$20 million in 2 years, and \$35 million in 3 years. After 3 years, free cash flow will grow at a rate of 5%. No new debt or preferred stock was added; the investment was financed by equity from the owners. Assume the WACC is unchanged at 11% and that there are still 10 million shares of stock outstanding.

(1) What is the company’s horizon value (i.e., its value of operations at Year 3)? What is its current value of operations (i.e., at Time 0)?

(2) What is its estimated intrinsic value of equity on a price-per-share basis

1. If B&M undertakes the expansion, what percent of B&M’s value of operations at Year 0 is due to cash flows from Years 4 and beyond? (Hint: Use the horizon value at t 3 to help answer this question.)
2. Based on your answer to the previous question, what are two reasons why managers often emphasize short-term earnings?
3. YouremployeralsoisconsideringtheacquisitionofHatfieldMedicalSupplies.Youhave gathered the following data regarding Hatfield, with all dollars reported in millions: