All patients admitted to the surgical
unit who met the following
inclusion criteria were asked to participate
in the study: anticipated 3-
day hospital length of stay, alert and
oriented, age 18 or older, able to read
and write English, and hematologyoncology
diagnosis. Participants
were not assigned randomly to the
intervention but rather placed into
groups based on the hallway assignment.
Participants admitted to the A
hallway received the standard of care
(control group), while participants
admitted to the B hallway received
complementary music therapy (intervention
group) (see Table 1). Both
groups received the provider-ordered
analgesia. Participants in the intervention
group were encouraged to
listen to a selection of non-lyrical
pre-programmed music via MP3
players for 30 minutes following the
administration of prescribed analgesia.
Each participant was enrolled in
the study for 3 consecutive days
(Time One, Time Two, Time Three)
or until discharge, whichever came


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