Introductory principles in social work research

Respond totwo colleagues by noting the similarities and differences in the factors that would support or impede your colleague’s implementation of evidence-based practice as noted in his or her post to those that would impact your implementation of evidence-based practice as noted in your original post. Offer a solution for addressing one of the factors that would impede your colleague’s implementation of evidence-based practice.

Colleague 1: Rachel

One characteristic of evidenced-based practice is that the interventions have been rigorously evaluated in experimental or quasi-experimental studies.  In the experimental design, randomization is utilized to assign people to treatment and control groups.  The experimental group participates in the intervention, while the treatment group does not.  The outcomes of the two groups are then compared to test the differences within the groups.  A quasi-experimental study is not as effective as the experimental group because the participants are not assigned randomly.  Instead, participants are compared to a group that has similar characteristics to them (Cooney, Huser, C.M., Small, O’Connor, 2007).

Another characteristic of evidenced-based practice is empirical evidence that comes as a result of these rigorous evaluations.  Usually, results of the program are published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.  Because these interventions have empirical evidence, they can be called research-based.  However, not all researched based programs are also evidence based (Cooney, et. al, 2007).

There are many factors that could impede adopting evidence-based practice or programs.  The main factor is money.  Evidence-based programs are usually copyrighted and are expensive.  It is also required that the staff implementing the program purchase additional books and supplies.  These programs could also require the staff to hold certain qualifications or complete specialized training, which could also impede implementation.  Another factor that could impede implementation is that the programs are often meant to be implemented a specific way, with little room for adaptation (Cooney, et. al, 2007).


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