International Organization Foundation Is Enforcement Necessary for Effectiveness? A Model of the International Criminal Regime Author(s): Michael J. Gilligan Source: International Organization, Vol. 60, No. 4 (Autumn, 2006), pp. 935-967….
Identifying an Acceptable Paraphrase (MLA Style)
QUESTION 1 (1 POINT)
Question 1 Unsaved
[Ed: error here relates to close wording]
The original vision of charter schools in 1988, when the idea was popularized, was that they would be created by venturesome public school teachers who would seek out the most alienated students, those who had dropped out or those who were likely to do so. The teachers in these experimental schools would find better ways to reach these students and bring what they’d learned back to the regular public school. The fundamental idea at the beginning of the movement was that charter schools would help public schools and enroll students who needed extra attention and new strategies.
From Ravitch, Diane. “Why I Changed My Mind.” The Nation 14 June 2010: 20-24. Print. The passage appears on page 22 of the article.
Question 1 options: A or B
Ravitch notes that the original vision for charter schools gave support to the work of public schools by helping some of the most alienated students who would benefit from extra attention and new strategies (22).
Ravitch notes that originally charter schools were supposed to reach at-risk students with better strategies and creative teachers. These teachers would then also find ways to share these innovations with more traditional public schools (22).
QUESTION 2 (1 POINT)
Question 2 Unsaved
[sentence structure too close]
Paul Revere’s ride is perhaps the most famous historical example of a word-of-mouth epidemic. A piece of extraordinary news traveled a long distance in a very short time, mobilizing an entire region to arms. Not all word-of-mouth epidemics are this sensational, of course. But it is safe to say that word of mouth is—even in this age of mass communications and multimillion-dollar advertising campaigns—still the most important form of human communication.
From Gladwell, Malcolm. The Tipping Point. New York: Little, Brown, 2002. Print. The passage appears on page 32.
Question 2 options: A or B
Paul Revere’s well-known ride is the best example in history of a word-of-mouth epidemic. His piece of important information covered a long distance in no time, preparing large numbers of neighbors for battle. However, Gladwell states, not every word-of-mouth epidemic is this significant. Yet even given our era of mass media and advertisements, word of mouth is “the most important form of human communication” (32).
According to Gladwell, the best known example from history of a word-of-mouth epidemic may be Paul Revere’s ride. His news covered great distances, quickly preparing his neighbors for battle. Not every word-of-mouth epidemic is this significant. But even in our era of mass media, word of mouth is “the most important form of human communication” (32).
QUESTION 3 (1 POINT)
Question 3 Unsaved
[wording too close, citation missing]
Scientists say juggling e-mail, phone calls and other incoming information can change how people think and behave. They say our ability to focus is being undermined by bursts of information. These play to a primitive impulse to respond to immediate opportunities and threats. The stimulation provokes excitement — a dopamine squirt — that researchers say can be addictive. In its absence, people feel bored.
From Richtel, Matt. “Hooked on Gadgets, and Paying a Mental Price.” New York Times. New York Times,7 June 2010. Web. The article was accessed online, in a version that appeared without page numbers.
Question 3 options: A or B
Research shows that juggling messages, calls, and other information can affect our behavior. These bursts of information are changing our ability to focus by working on our primitive need to respond to immediate opportunities. Later, without these stimuli, we become bored (Richtel).
Researchers explain that we erode our ability to focus when we expose ourselves to constant e-mail, messages, and other bits of information. These stimuli excite the brain but can become addictive so that when the stimuli are removed we become bored (Richtel).