Ethics: Changes in Estimate Mike Crane is an audit senior of a large public accounting firm who has just been assigned to the Frost Corporation’s annual audit engagement. Frost has….
When evaluating between two different mutual funds, discuss how an investor can use the Sharpe Ratio and the Treynor Ratio to determine which fund is most appropriate.
NAME _________________________________________________ DATE ____________
 Consider the following probability distribution for stocks A and B for questions 1 and 2
STATE  Probability  Return on Stock A  Return on Stock B 
1  0.10  10%  8% 
2  0.30  20%  12% 
3  0.60  25%  17% 
Calculate the Expected return for Stock A and for Stock B
 Using the same table above, calculate the variance for both Stock A and for Stock B.

For a portfolio that contained just two stocks, what would be the preferred correlation coefficient between the two stocks? Explain.

As the number of securities in a portfolio is increased, what happens to the average standard deviation of the portfolio?

You have an opinion that CSCO has an expected return of 0.1375. The stock has a beta of 1.3. The risk free rate is .04 and the market expected rate of return is 0.115. According to the CAPM, is this security OVERPRICED, UNDERPRICED or FAIRLY PRICED?

Tell me in your own words, the meaning of VAR (Value at Risk). How can an investor use this tool when evaluating an investment portfolio?

You purchase one JNJ call option with a strike price of $75 for a premium of $3.Ignoring transaction costs, what is the breakeven of this position; Conversely, you write one ATT put option with a strike price of $50 for a premium of $5. What is the breakeven of this position?

On April 1, you shorted one S&P 500 futures contract at a futures price of $1,550. If, on June 15, the futures price was $1,612, what would be your profit or loss if you closed your position?

Talk to me about how an investor can “hedge” a long position on Treasury bonds.

Describe in your own words the meaning of DURATION and how Duration is a measure of interest rate sensitivity?

Why do investors like CONVEXITY when managing bonds?

Describe the price and yield curve changes for a callable bond? Why does a callable bond exhibit negative convexity?

Which one of the following bonds is more price sensitive to changes in interest rates and why?
a. Exxon 10% coupon due in 12/31/2022 selling at $100
b. USTN 0% due in 12/31/2022with a yield of 10% (this is a zero coupon bond)
 An Apple bond has a duration of 6. If yields increase by 1%, what will be the effect on the bond’s price?

If an investor desires a bond with a lower duration, holding other factors constant
a. Should he choose a HIGHER or LOWER coupon?
b. Should he choose a SHORTER or LONGER maturity?
c. Should he choose a HIGHER or LOWER yield to maturity?
 If a bond manager expects the yield curve to sharply steepen with longer rates going higher and shorter rates going lower, what type of duration would the manager prefer? Which of the following bonds would best accommodate the manager under this scenario?
a. ATT 12% due 12/31/2017 @ 10% yield
b. DuPONT 3% due 12/31/2047 @ 10% yield
c. USTN 3% due 12/31/2047 @ 6% yield

Calculate the duration of the following bond: 1,000 JNJ 6% due 12/31/2019 with a yield of 4%.

Consider a bond with a 30 maturity, an 8% coupon, and a yield of 8%. The duration of this bond is 11.26 and the convexity is 212.4. If the bond’s yield increases from 8% to 11%, tell me how the price of the bond will change.

When evaluating between two different mutual funds, discuss how an investor can use the Sharpe Ratio and the Treynor Ratio to determine which fund is most appropriate.